History of Florence
The foundation of Florence dates back to Roman times, despite evidence existing to show that Florence was already occupied in prehistoric times.
The oldest part of the city bears the imprint of these Roman origins as it originated as one of Caesar's colonies.
For the sake of defense, the city was set at the confluence of two streams, the Arno and the Mugnone, where the oldest populations had previously been located.
Rectangular in plan, it was enclosed in a wall about 1800 meters long.
The built-up area, like all the cities founded by the Romans, was characterized by straight roads which crossed at right angles. The two main roads led to four towered gates and converged on a central square, the forum urbis, now Piazza della Repubblica, where the Curia and the Temple dedicated to the Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva) were later to rise.
Archaeological finds, many of which came to light during the course of works which "gave new life", to the old city center, have made it possible to locate and identify the remains of various important public works such as the Capitoline Baths, the Baths of Capaccio, the sewage system, the pavement of the streets and the Temple of Isis, in Piazza San Firenze.
At that time the Arno was outside the walls, with a river port that constituted an important infrastructure for the city, for in Roman times the river was navigable from its mouth up to its confluence with the Affrico, upstream from Florence, and the first bridge in Florentine history was built in all likelihood somewhat upstream from today's Ponte Vecchio, around the first century B.C..
Florence Art and Culture
Florence contains an exceptional artistic patrimony, glorious testimony to its secular civilization.
Cimabue and Giotto, the fathers of Italian painting, lived here, along with Arnolfo and Andrea Pisano, reformists of architecture and sculpture; Brunelleschi, Donatello and Masaccio, founders of the Renaissance; Ghiberti and the Della Robbia; Filippo Lippi and l'Angelico; Botticelli and Paolo Uccello; the universal geniuses Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.
Their works, along with those of many generations of artists up to the masters of the present century, are gathered in the city's many museums. On line tiket booking for Italien Gallerie an Museum
In Florence, thanks to Dante, the Italian language was born; with Petrarch and Boccaccio literary studies were affirmed; with Humanism the philosophy and values of classical civilization were revived; with Machiavelli modern political science was born; with Guicciardini, historical prose; and with Galileo, modern experimental science.
Up to the time of Charlemagne, Florence was a university town. Today it includes many specialized institutes and is an international cultural center.
Academies, art schools, scientific institutes and cultural centers all contribute to the city's intense activity.
Capital of the region of Tuscany, has a population of around half a million inhabitants, spreads on the banks of the Arno, between the Adriatic and the Tyrrhenian seas, almost in the middle of the Italian peninsula.
It is a city which bustles with industry and craft, commerce and culture, art and science. Being on the main national railway lines, it is easily accessible from most important places both in Italy and abroad. www.trenitalia.com
The Florence "AmerigoVespucci " airport, where both national and international airlines stop, is located 5 Km. from the city centre.
The main motorway, A1, connects Florence with Bologna and Milano in the North and Rome and Naples in theSouth.
Autobus in Florence www.ataf.net/
Taxi in Florence tel.0554242 www.socota.it/ A special service dedicated to the handicapped persons
Gemeenten in de provincie van Florence
Florence appartement Santa Maria Novella
Historische centrum van Florence
Deze open ruimte van 30 m² op de eerste verdieping (geen lift) is een ideale accommodatie voor een paar in het historische centrum van Florence.
De geweldige locatie is zeer comfortabel en het ligt dicht bij Santa Maria Novella plein / kerk naar het centraal station van de stad en de belangrijkste historische monumenten.
Het gebied is rijk aan restaurants en winkels.
Vanuit het appartement treft u in staat zullen zijn om alle monumenten te bereiken door zowel te voet als Duomo, Ponte Vecchio, Galleria degli Uffizi, enz. ... en de historische markt van San Lorenzo, waar u kunt vinden wat misschien wel de belangrijkste markt van de stad. Gewoon rond te lopen op zoek naar kleding, artikelen in leder, souvenirs, etc... view
Prijs:Vanaf € 90,00Zwembad: 1
Historical centre of Vicchio mq 75
Sleeping accommodations 4
Wekelijks Prijs:Vanaf € 450,00
Accommodation Tuscany, rental holiday apartment Vicchio,
Independent income, living room with fireplace, kitchen, two bedrooms, bathroom, terrace, small garden.
It 'a house very characteristic and well equipped, is found of the center of the country on walls castellane constructed from the Fiorentina Republic in 1364. It 'a house quiet while in the historic centre. Part of this house has belonged to Benvenuto Cellini where he lived for along time, famous sculptor known worldwide for its "Perseus" exposed under the Loggia dei Lanzi in Piazza della Signoria in Florence.
Appartement Bargello Florence
Historische centrum van Florence
Vakanties in Florence
Wekelijks Prijs:Vanaf € 670,00
The apartment is located on Crocifisso Street 2, Street corner Ghibellina, a beautiful street paved by the very famous “Sanpietrini”, which is part of the Santa Croce area, in the very centre of Florence, one of the few remaining places where you can still feel the taste of the ancient Florence, with its shops, leather stores, the famous flea market (antiques market) in the Ciompi square and the market of Sant’Ambrogio, one of the most important of the city.
The apartment is about 50 squared meters (4 beds + 1), and is located on the first floor of a typical historical Florentine building dating from 1400 AD and has just been completely renovated and set up in May 2012.
It consists of a kitchen – livable and well-equipped living room, a double bedroom, and a single bedroom with a bunk bed, a bathroom with shower, and a balcony overlooking the Bargello National Museum.